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You have all probably had or heard of acne at some point in your life, but what exactly is it? And how can it be treated? These are questions that Anika Skincare can answer for you. Acne is most commonly seen in teenagers and those experiencing puberty; many adults can also have acne. There are 4 stages of acne that determine its severity. In these stages acne can appear as pimples, blackheads, whiteheads or nodules, which are lumps under the skin.
We will break all of this down for you and discuss acne causes, types of acne, the 4 stages from mild to cystic, and treatment methods for you. At Anika Skincare we want to help you treat your acne. Teresa Paquin is an experienced Aesthetician who can help you create a treatment plan to clear acne and prevent future breakouts.
Acne is ultimately caused by the inflammation of hair follicles and the sebaceous glands in the skin. The hair follicles are small structures that grow hair and the sebaceous glands produce sebum. The combination of these is called the pilosebaceous unit, where acne and cysts may develop. They are most numerous on the face, upper back and chest--making these common acne spots. Hormone changes can increase acne, thus explaining why teens more commonly have acne. Acne can also be hereditary. The the following are more common causes of acne.
Stages of Acne
There are 4 grades that acne can be divided into based on its appearance and severity.
Grade 1: Mild. This is the mildest form of acne. It consists of blackheads and small red breakouts called papules found on the cheeks. In this grade they are minimal breakouts and occur occasionally.
Grade 2: Moderate. Marks can appear anywhere on the face outside of the typical “T zone area.” There are more blemishes including comedones, or whiteheads. There may be mild inflammation and redness around the blemishes. Pustules--or pimples filled with yellowish material, and papules--elevated skin colored or reddish irregular bumps are most common.
Grade 3: Severe. Papules and pustules are more significantly covering the face. There is inflammation and the lesions are closer together and may merge with each other. Skin damage and scarring is more likely to occur. Mild swelling in the face can occur as well as more redness.
Grade 4: Cystic Acne. These blemishes are large and may also occur on the neck, shoulders or back. This is considered severe acne and the blemishes are firm and blister-looking. Cysts contain pus and can be about half a centimeter. Nodules are firm hard bumps that do not contain pus but are common in this grade of acne. Scarring is common with cystic acne.
Treatment of Acne
There are natural ways to treat acne as well as various treatment plans.
There are a few at-home devices that are highly effective at helping both to clear and prevent acne below:
Licensed Aesthetician Teresa Paquin provides individuals with acne professional treatment plans and homecare that are customized to you. In most cases, this does take some time and commitment. Following the protocols and suggested lifestyle changes is vital. Teresa will go over your health, diet, lifestyle, past and current treatments and products. Many clients over the past 20 years have been able to avoid harsh prescriptions, such as Accutane. To learn more or schedule an appointment with Teresa, please call 603-595-0224. Online- phone consultations are also available for those not able to come to our skincare clinic in Hudson, NH.
Blog written by Megan Ward